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Gwamnatin Tarayya ta bai wa Dangote, Honeywell da sauran su kyautar N16tn

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•S’Africa ta samu harajin dala biliyan 107 a shekarar 2021, Najeriya $15bn, bayan Kenya, Angola

Gwamnatin tarayya ta ware N16.76tn a cikin kudaden shiga don rage haraji da rangwamen da aka baiwa manyan kamfanoni tsakanin shekarar 2019 zuwa 2021, kamar yadda jaridar PUNCH ta rawaito.

Ya zuwa karshen shekarar 2021, kamfanoni 46 sun ci gajiyar tallafin haraji daban-daban da tsare-tsare na cire haraji yayin da ake ci gaba da jiran buƙatun kamfanoni 186.

Waɗannan suna kunshe ne a cikin sanarwar kashe kuɗin haraji (TES) a cikin Matsakaicin Kashe Kuɗi da Takardun Tsarin Kuɗi da aka buga akan gidan yanar gizon Ofishin Kasafin Kuɗi na Tarayya.

TES tana yin hulɗa da kudaden shiga da aka bari akan Harajin Shigar da Kamfani, Harajin Ƙimar, Harajin Samar da Man Fetur, da Haraji na Kwastam.

A cikin rahoton TES na 2019, an bayyana cewa Gwamnatin Tarayya ta yi watsi da kudaden shiga na N4.2tn daga manyan hanyoyin guda biyu, CIT da VAT.

Ga CIT, kiyasin adadin kudaden shiga da aka sace ya kai N1.1tn yayin da N3.1tn na VAT.

Rahoton na TES ya kara da cewa, “Mafi mahimmancin ƙarshe shine yawan kudaden shigar Najeriya da aka yi watsi da su daga manyan haraji biyu kawai, watau CIT da VAT. Matsakaicin kudaden shiga da Najeriya ba ta samu daga mai ba ya kai akalla sau biyu abin da ake tarawa a yanzu.

“Kididdigar farko na kudaden shiga da aka bari daga tallafin CIT da rangwame a 2019 shine N1.1tn; Sabanin haka, tarin CIT na 2019 ya kasance N1.6tn. Ƙididdiga na farko na kudaden shiga da aka bari daga zaɓin manufofin VAT da gibin bin ka’ida an kiyasta ya kai NGN 3.1tn kuma yana iya yiwuwa ya fi haka. Yana da kyau a sake nanata cewa kudaden da aka bari daga harajin kwastam, harajin samar da man fetur, harajin kuɗaɗen shiga jama’a da rangwame a ƙarƙashin dokar yankin mai da iskar gas har yanzu ba a ƙididdige su ba.”

A cewar rahoton na TES, alkaluman kudaden shigar da aka yi hasashe zai iya wuce N4.2tn idan akwai isassun bayanai, musamman daga harajin kwastam, haraji, PPT, harajin shiga na mutum da rangwame a karkashin dokar yankin mai da iskar gas.

Ya zuwa shekarar 2020, adadin ya haura zuwa N5.8tn, wanda akasarin kudin ya fito ne daga kudaden shiga da aka yi watsi da su a karkashin VAT. Takaddama ta nuna cewa an yi watsi da N4.3tn a karkashin VAT; N457bn karkashin CIT; N307bn a karkashin PPT, da kuma N780bn a karkashin harajin kwastam.

An kuma bayyana cewa, kasashe biyar ne ke da kusan kashi 86 cikin 100 na tallafin kwastam, inda kasar Sin ta kai kusan kashi biyu bisa uku na jimillar agajin. Netherlands, Togo, Benin da Indiya su ne sauran manyan hanyoyin samar da kayayyaki da ke cin gajiyar agajin.

Jimillar adadin ya ci gaba da karuwa a shekarar 2021, inda ya kai N6.79tn, inda aka yi hasarar kudaden shiga kan lissafin VAT na mafi yawansa. An yi watsi da N3.87tn a karkashin VAT, N548.40bn karkashin CIT; N337.70bn karkashin PPT; N1.84tn a karkashin harajin kwastam; da kuma N111.15bn karkashin harajin VAT daga kasashen waje.

Don haka a tsawon shekaru uku, gwamnatin tarayya ta yi watsi da jimillar N16.79tn na rage haraji, yafewa harajin kwastam da rangwame, kamar yadda wani bincike da jaridar PUNCH ta yi.

A karkashin wannan adadi, kebewar haraji ya shafi kayayyakin da ake shigowa da su daga kasashen waje da ke kunshe da gata na diflomasiyya, kayan aikin soja, mai da man mai, asibitoci da na’urorin tiyata, jiragen sama (sassansu da na’urorin da ake amfani da su), masana’antu da injinan da kamfanoni ke shigo da su don amfani da su a yankunan sarrafa kayayyaki, kiwon lafiya da kayan aikin likita don rage yaduwar COVID.

Sauran keɓancewar sun haɗa da: sassauci kan shirin shugaban ƙasa kan kayayyaki na COVID-19, Ayyukan Shigo da VAT akan kamfanonin jiragen sama na kasuwanci.

An kuma lura cewa, kasashe biyar sun kai kusan kashi 92 cikin 100 na adadin agajin kwastam, inda kasar Sin ta kai kusan rabin adadin agajin da aka bayar. Singapore, Netherlands, Togo, Jamhuriyar Benin da Indiya su ne sauran manyan hanyoyin samar da kayayyaki da ke cin gajiyar agajin.

A halin yanzu, wadanda suka ci gajiyar tallafin haraji da rangwame sun hada da Dangote, Lafarge, Honeywell da sauran manyan mutane 43 da suka amfana.

Ya zuwa karshen shekarar 2021, kamfanoni 46 sun ci gajiyar shirin karfafa haraji yayin da ake ci gaba da jiran buƙatun kamfanoni 186.

Sun kasance masu cin gajiyar tallafin harajin matsayin majagaba a ƙarƙashin Dokar Harajin Ci gaban Kuɗaɗen Masana’antu tare da sassaucin haraji na tsawon shekaru uku.

Wannan yana kunshe ne a cikin rahoton Q4 2021 PSI da Hukumar Bunkasa Zuba Jari ta Najeriya ta fitar.

Matsayin majagaba wani abin ƙarfafawa ne da Gwamnatin Tarayya ke bayarwa, wanda ke keɓe kamfanoni daga biyan harajin kuɗin shiga na wani ɗan lokaci. Wannan keɓewar haraji na iya zama cikakke ko ɓangarori.

Gabaɗaya ana ɗaukar abin ƙarfafawa azaman ma’aunin masana’antu wanda ke da nufin haɓaka saka hannun jari a cikin tattalin arzikin.

Kayayyakin ko kamfanonin da suka cancanci wannan matsayi na majagaba sune waɗanda ba su wanzu a ƙasar.

Wadannan kamfanoni sun hada da: Dangote Sinotrucks West Africa Limited, Lafarge Africa Plc, Honeywell Flour Mills Nigeria Plc, Jigawa Rice Limited, da Stallion Motors Limited.

Sauran sun hada da: African Foundries Limited, Royal Pacific Group Limited, Kunoch Hotels Limited, Princess Medi Clinics Nigeria Limited, Medlog Logistics Limited, da Masters Liquefied Gas Limited.

Masana harkokin tattalin arziki sun jaddada rawar da hana haraji ke takawa wajen bunkasar tattalin arzikin kasa amma sun nuna shakku kan gaskiya da kuma manufar gwamnatin tarayya wajen ba da harajin.

Manajan Darakta/Babban Jami’in Gudanarwa na Cowry Asset Management Limited, Mista Johnson Chukwu, ya bayyana cewa ba za a iya kallon abin da aka bari a matsayin zubewar kudaden shiga ba, yana mai bayyana hakan a matsayin jinkirin gamsuwa wanda zai baiwa Gwamnatin Tarayya damar samun karin kudaden shiga na dogon lokaci.

Ya kara da cewa, “Haraji kayan aiki ne na kasafin kudi kuma ana amfani da kayan aikin kasafin kudi don tada harkokin tattalin arziki ko kuma dakile wasu ayyukan tattalin arziki masu cutarwa ko wadanda ba su dace ba.

“Ba zan kira adadin a matsayin asara ba sai dai idan ba a ba da wannan rangwamen harajin da wata manufa ta kasa ba.”

Ya jaddada cewa, akwai fa’ida da za a samu ta hanyar bayar da wadannan kudaden, yana mai cewa za su kara habaka tattalin arziki.

Babban jami’in cibiyar bunkasa sana’o’i mai zaman kansa, Dakta Muda Yusuf, ya kuma bayyana cewa babu laifi idan aka yi la’akari da manufofin haraji.

Ya yi nuni da cewa, tallafin haraji ya zama dole don karfafa saka hannun jari da kafa wasu sana’o’in farko.

Ya ce, “Babban ra’ayin karfafawa shine bunkasa tattalin arziki. Lokacin da kuke haɓaka tattalin arziƙin, ba wai kawai kuna kallon kudaden shiga ba, kuna kallon aikin yi da tasirin ninkawa. A matsakaita zuwa dogon lokaci, za ku sami wannan kudaden shiga ta lokacin da kuka sami damar haɓaka waɗannan jarin. Bai dace a gan shi a matsayin asarar kudaden shiga ba sai dai idan manufar karfafawa kanta ba ta nuna wariya ba.”

Ya kuma jaddada cewa kamata ya yi a yi tafiyar ta gaskiya da kuma kallon kokarin gwamnati na bunkasa tattalin arzikin kasar.

Sai dai wasu masana na da ra’ayin cewa sassaucin haraji da yafewar da gwamnati ta yi na nuna wariya, lura da cewa wasu tsare-tsaren ba su fito fili ba.

Tsohon Shugaban Akanta na Najeriya, Dokta Sam Nzekwe, ya ce akwai bukatar tsarin bayar da wasu rangwamen haraji, hana shigo da haraji da rangwame su kasance a bayyane.

Ya ce, “Batun a nan shi ne yadda abin yake. Matsalar da muke da ita ita ce wane da kuma wa ake ba wa harajin da kuma yadda suke da gaskiya. Yana da kyau a yi watsi da haraji, musamman ma masana’antun majagaba don su sami damar farawa.”

Ya kuma bukaci gwamnati da ta toshe gibin da ke akwai na rashin bin doka da oda, yin amfani da fasahar fasaha da kuma bayanan haraji tare da tabbatar da daidaita haraji don bunkasa kudaden haraji.

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