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Yawan Al’ummar Duniya Ya Karu Zuwa Biliyan Takwas – Majalisar Dinkin Duniya

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Jaririn da aka haifa a wani wuri ranar Talata zai kasance mutum na biliyan takwas a duniya, a cewar wani hasashen da Majalisar Dinkin Duniya ta yi.

Sakatare-Janar na Majalisar Dinkin Duniya Antonio Guterres a cikin wata sanarwa da ya fitar ya ce, “Babban abin al’ajabi wani lokaci ne na bikin bambance-bambance da ci gaba tare da yin la’akari da alhakin da dan Adam ke da shi na duniya.”

Majalisar Dinkin Duniya ta danganta ci gaban dan adam, tare da mutane masu tsawon rai saboda inganta lafiyar jama’a, abinci mai gina jiki, tsaftar mutum da magunguna.

Har ila yau, sakamakon karuwar yawan haihuwa, musamman a kasashen da suka fi talauci a duniya – wadanda akasarinsu suna yankin kudu da hamadar Sahara – suna jefa manufofinsu na ci gaba cikin hadari.

Haɓaka yawan jama’a ya kuma ƙara girman tasirin muhalli na ci gaban tattalin arziki.

Sai dai yayin da wasu ke fargabar cewa mutane biliyan takwas sun yi yawa ga duniyar, yawancin masana sun ce babbar matsalar ita ce yawan amfani da albarkatun da masu hannu da shuni ke yi.

“Wasu na nuna damuwa cewa duniyarmu ta cika da yawa,” in ji shugabar asusun kula da yawan jama’a ta Majalisar Dinkin Duniya Natalia Kanem. “Na zo nan don in faɗi a sarari cewa yawan rayukan mutane ba abin tsoro bane.”

Joel Cohen na dakin gwaje-gwaje na yawan jama’a na Jami’ar Rockefeller ya shaida wa AFP tambayar mutane nawa ne duniya za ta iya tallafawa suna da bangarori biyu: iyakoki na halitta da zabin mutane.

Zaɓuɓɓukanmu suna haifar da ɗan adam suna cinye albarkatun halittu masu nisa, kamar gandun daji da ƙasa, fiye da yadda duniya za ta iya sake haifuwa kowace shekara.

Yawan amfani da albarkatun mai, alal misali, yana haifar da ƙarin hayakin carbon dioxide, wanda ke da alhakin ɗumamar yanayi.

“Mu wawaye ne. Mun rasa hangen nesa. Mu masu hadama ne. Ba ma amfani da bayanan da muke da su. A nan ne zabi da matsalolin suka ta’allaka, “in ji Cohen.

Yawan jama’a na yanzu ya zarce sau uku fiye da kididdigar da aka samu a duniya biliyan 2.5 a shekarar 1950.

Sai dai, bayan da aka samu kololuwa a farkon shekarun 1960, yawan karuwar al’ummar duniya ya ragu matuka, kamar yadda Rachel Snow ta asusun kula da yawan jama’a na Majalisar Dinkin Duniya ta shaida wa AFP.

Haɓaka shekara-shekara ya faɗi daga babban kashi 2.1 tsakanin 1962 da 1965 zuwa ƙasa da kashi 1 cikin 2020.

Wannan na iya yuwuwar faduwa zuwa kusan kashi 0.5 nan da shekarar 2050 saboda ci gaba da raguwar adadin haihuwa, ayyukan Majalisar Dinkin Duniya.

Majalisar Dinkin Duniya ta yi hasashen yawan al’ummar zai ci gaba da karuwa zuwa kusan biliyan 8.5 a shekarar 2030, biliyan 9.7 a shekarar 2050, kuma zai kai kusan biliyan 10.4 a cikin 2080s.

Wasu ƙungiyoyi, duk da haka, sun ƙididdige adadi daban-daban.

Cibiyar Kididdigar Kiwon Lafiya da Kiwon Lafiya ta Amurka (IHME) ta yi kiyasin a cikin wani bincike na 2020 cewa yawan al’ummar duniya zai karu nan da shekarar 2064, ba tare da ya kai biliyan 10 ba, kuma ya ragu zuwa biliyan 8.8 nan da 2100.

Tun bayan bullar mutane na farko a Afirka sama da shekaru miliyan biyu da suka wuce, yawan mutanen duniya ya karu, tare da dakatad da lokaci mai tsawo ga yawan mutanen da ke raba duniya.

Kakanninmu ƴan farauta ne, waɗanda suke da ‘ya’ya kaɗan idan aka kwatanta da mutanen da suka zauna daga baya domin su ci gaba da rayuwarsu ta makiyaya.

Gabatar da aikin noma a zamanin Neolithic, kusan 10,000 BC, ya kawo sanannen babban yawan jama’a na farko.

Tare da noma an sami zaman lafiya da ikon adana abinci, wanda ya sa adadin haihuwa ya tashi.

Daga kusan miliyan shida a cikin 10,000 BC, yawan mutanen duniya ya haura zuwa miliyan 100 a cikin 2,000 BC sannan zuwa miliyan 250 a karni na farko AD, a cewar Cibiyar Nazarin Alkaluman Faransa.

Sakamakon Mutuwar Baƙar fata, yawan ɗan adam ya ragu tsakanin 1300 zuwa 1400, daga 429 zuwa miliyan 374.

Sauran abubuwan da suka faru, kamar annoba ta Justinian, wacce ta afkawa Tekun Bahar Rum sama da ƙarni biyu daga 541-767, da kuma yaƙe-yaƙe na farkon tsakiyar zamanai a yammacin Turai, sun kuma haifar da raguwa na ɗan lokaci a cikin adadin mutane a duniya.

Tun daga karni na 19, yawan jama’a ya fara fashewa, saboda bunkasar magungunan zamani da masana’antu na noma, wanda ya bunkasa samar da abinci a duniya.

Tun daga 1800, yawan mutanen duniya ya yi tsalle sau takwas, daga kimanin biliyan daya zuwa biliyan takwas.

Haɓaka alluran rigakafin ya kasance mabuɗin, tare da ƙwanƙolin ƙwayar cuta musamman yana taimakawa ɗaya daga cikin manyan kisa na tarihi.

AFP

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